1883 Haydock Douay Rheims Bible

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Wisdom 10:1 She preserved him, *that was first formed by God, the father of the world, when he was created alone,

Genesis 1:27.
Wisdom 10:2 *And she brought him out of his sin, and gave him power to govern all things.

Genesis 2:7.
Sin. Hence it is clear, that our first parent repented, (Worthington) and was saved, Genesis 5:5. (St. Irenaeus 3:34.; St. Augustine, ep. xcix. ad Evod.; Cornelius a Lapide) (Calmet) --- Things. Before sin, he submitted willingly; but afterwards, he was forced to use all his ingenuity to preserve this dominion.
Wisdom 10:3 *But when the unjust went away from her in his anger, he perished by the fury wherewith he murdered his brother.

Genesis 4:8.
The unjust. Cain. We have no proof of his repentance.
Wisdom 10:4 *For whose cause, when water destroyed the earth, wisdom healed it again, directing the course of the just by contemptible wood.

Genesis 7:6.
Cause. The wickedness of the race of Cain. (Calmet) --- Just. Noe[Noah]. --- Wood. Who would have thought that such a vessel would save mankind, etc., amid the raging storms? Noe must have been an able mechanic: (Calmet) but God both directed him, and closed up the door, Genesis 7:16. (Haydock)
Wisdom 10:5 *Moreover, when the nations had conspired together to consent to wickedness, she knew the just, and preserved him without blame to God, and kept him strong against the compassion for his son.

Genesis 11:2.
She knew the just. She found out and approved Abraham, (Calmet) Sem, or Heber, who took no part in building the tower. (St. Augustine, City of God) (Chap. 16:4.) --- To God. Many say that Abraham was at first addicted to idolatry. (Philo.) (St. Augustine, etc.) --- But not after he was directed by the light of heaven. (Calmet) --- Strong. Gave him strength to stand firm against the efforts of his natural tenderness, when he was ordered to sacrifice his son. (Challoner) --- Against. Literally, "in." To obey God was true compassion to his son, though it might have deprived him of this life. (Haydock) --- How many virtues did not Abraham manifest on this occasion! (St. Ambrose, Off. 2:5.)
Wisdom 10:6 *She delivered the just man, who fled from the wicked that were perishing, when the fire came down upon Pentapolis:

Genesis 19:17.; Genesis 19:22.
The just man. Lot. --- Pentapolis. The land of the five cities, Sodom, Gomorrah, etc. (Challoner)
Wisdom 10:7 Whose land, for a testimony of their wickedness, is desolate, and smoketh to this day, and the trees bear fruits that ripen not, and a standing pillar of salt is a monument of an incredulous soul.

Wisdom 10:8 For regarding not wisdom, they did not only slip in this, that they were ignorant of good things, but they left also unto men a memorial of their folly, so that in the things in which they sinned, they could not so much as lie hid.

Wisdom 10:9 But wisdom hath delivered from sorrow them that attend upon her.

Wisdom 10:10 *She conducted the just, when he fled from his brother's wrath, through the right ways, and shewed him the kingdom of God, and gave him the knowledge of the holy things, made him honourable in his labours, and accomplished his labours.

Genesis 28:5.; Genesis 28:10.
The just. Jacob. --- Of God. Or heaven open, and angels ascending and descending, Genesis 38:12.
Wisdom 10:11 In the deceit of them that overreached him, she stood by him, and made him honourable.

Deceit. Laban's craft did not prevent Jacob from growing rich. (Haydock)
Wisdom 10:12 She kept him safe from his enemies, and she defended him from seducers, and gave him a strong conflict, that he might overcome, and know that wisdom is mightier than all.

Enemies. Laban and Esau. (Calmet) --- Conflict with the angel. (Challoner)
Wisdom 10:13 *She forsook not the just, when he was sold, but delivered him from sinners: she went down with him into the pit.

Genesis 37:28.
Just. Joseph. (Challoner) --- Sinners. His brethren, etc. Septuagint, "from sin" of adultery. (Menochius) --- Pit. Or prison, to which he was confined at the instigation of Potiphar's wife, always preserving his virtue. (Calmet) --- He had also been let down into an old pit by his brethren. (Haydock)
Wisdom 10:14 *And in bands she left him not, till she brought him the sceptre of the kingdom, and power against those that oppressed him: and shewed them to be liars that had accused him, and gave him everlasting glory.

Genesis 41:40.; Acts 7:9.
Kingdom. Which he ruled under Pharao, Genesis 41:40. (Calmet) --- The Hebrews styled all in high authority kings. (Grotius)
Wisdom 10:15 *She delivered the just people, and blameless seed, from the nations that oppressed them.

Exodus 1:11.
Wisdom 10:16 She entered into the soul of the servant of God, and stood against dreadful kings in wonders and signs.

God. Moses. (Challoner) --- Numbers 12:7., and Psalm 104:26., etc.
Wisdom 10:17 And she rendered to the just the wages of their labours, and conducted them in a wonderful way: and she was to them for a covert by day, and for the light of stars by night:

Wisdom 10:18 *And she brought them through the Red Sea, and carried them over through a great water.

Exodus 14:22.; Psalm 77:13.
Wisdom 10:19 But their enemies she drowned in the sea, and from the depth of hell she brought them out. *Therefore the just took the spoils of the wicked.

Exodus 12:35.
Wisdom 10:20 *And they sung to thy holy name, O Lord, and they praised with one accord thy victorious hand.

Exodus 15:1.
Wisdom 10:21 For wisdom opened the mouth of the dumb, and made the tongues of infants eloquent.

Eloquent. They would, if possible, have sounded forth thy praise. (Dionysius) --- The Hebrews had been kept in ignorance, and afraid to speak. (Calmet) --- Infants, and dumb people, might also, by miracle, join in the song. (Haydock)